How Diabetes Can Be Diagnosed & Managed? FAQs About Diabetes

Do you know how diabetes is diagnosed and managed? If you have diabetes, you know it’s hard to control. It shouldn’t hinder your ambitions. Diabetes management is key to health.

By learning how to control your diabetes, you may enhance your energy and healing capacity and lower your risk of developing additional health concerns, such as a heart attack, nerve damage, kidney failure, blindness, and gum disease.

A diabetic diet is important in managing your illness, but what more can you do? Here are some helpful strategies for managing your diabetes and checking your blood sugar levels. Let’s move on!

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes

What Is The Procedure For Diagnosing Diabetes?

Your glucose level in a blood test is used to diagnose and manage diabetes. A doctor uses a fasting glucose test, random glucose test, and A1c test to determine your blood glucose level.

What Is The Procedure For Diagnosing Diabetes?

1. Glucose Levels in the blood after fasting:

After an eight-hour fast, this test is best performed in the morning (nothing to eat or drink except sips of water).

2. Plasma Glucose Test at random

This test can be performed at any time and does not need fasting.

3. The A1c Test

It measures the amount of sugar in your blood. This test is commonly known as HbA1C or glycated hemoglobin. It gives you your average blood glucose level for the previous two to three months. A1c test determines how much glucose is bound to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in your red blood cells. This test does not require you to fast.

4. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

After an overnight fast, the blood glucose level is tested in this test. Then you consume a sugary beverage. At hours one, two, and three, your blood glucose level is checked.

Diabetes Test Indication

Type of TestNormalPrediabetesDiabetes
Glucose Test
Less than 100 100-125126 or higher
Random (anytime)
Glucose Test
Less than 140140-199200 or higher
A1c TestLess than 5.7%5.7 – 6.4%6.5% or higher
Oral Glucose
Tolerance Test
Less than 140140-199200 or higher


What Type Of Test For Each Risk

Tests For Gestational Diabetes

If you’re pregnant, you’ll need to take two blood glucose tests. A glucose challenge test involves drinking a sugary liquid and having your blood sugar levels measured an hour later. This test does not require you to fast. If this test reveals a higher-than-normal glucose level (more than 140 ml/dL), the doctor will perform an oral glucose tolerance test (as stated above) for you.

Diabetic Type 1 (T1D)

I your healthcare professional suspects you have Type 1 diabetes, he/she will collect your blood and urine samples for testing. Autoantibodies are examined in the blood (an autoimmune sign that your body is attacking itself). The presence of ketones in the urine is examined (a sign your body is burning fat as its energy supply). Type 1 diabetes is indicated by these symptoms.

Who Should Get A Diabetes Test?

If you have diabetic symptoms or risk factors, you should get tested. The sooner diabetes is detected, the sooner treatment can begin, and complications can be reduced or avoided. If a blood test reveals that you have prediabetes, you and your doctor can work together to make lifestyle changes (such as weight loss, exercise, and a balanced diet) to prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes.


Additional Testing Recommendations Based On Risk Factors:

Diabetic Type 1 Testing:

Children and young adults with a family history of diabetes should be tested. Older persons are less likely to develop Type 1 diabetes. As a result, testing in adults who arrive at the hospital and are diagnosed with diabetes-related ketoacidosis is critical. Ketoacidosis is a potentially fatal complication in persons with Type 1 diabetes.

Diabetic Type 2 testing:

Adults aged 45 and above, those aged 19 to 44 who are overweight and have one or more risk factors, women who have had gestational diabetes, and children aged 10 to 18 who are overweight and have at least two type 2 diabetes risk factors should be tested.

Diabetes During Pregnancy:

All pregnant women who have been diagnosed with diabetes should be tested. Between weeks 24 and 28, all pregnant women should be tested. Your obstetrician may test you early if you have other risk factors for gestational diabetes.

Diabetes Management

How To Manage Diabetes?

Diabetes affects every part of your body. To effectively manage diabetes, you’ll need to take actions to keep your risk factors in check and within normal limits, such as:

  • Follow a food plan, take recommended medicine, and increase your exercise level to keep your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
  • Maintain as close to normal blood cholesterol (HDL and LDL levels) and triglyceride levels as possible.
  • Maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Blood pressure shouldn’t be more than 140/90 mmHg.

By planning what you eat and sticking to a healthy meal plan, you can better manage your diabetes:

  • Follow a Mediterranean diet (vegetables, whole grains, beans, fruits, healthy fats, low sugar) or the Dash diet (vegetables, whole grains, beans, fruits, healthy fats, low sugar). These diets are high in fiber and nutrition, but low in fats and calories. For assistance with nutrition and meal planning, consult a qualified dietitian.
  • Exercising on a regular basis. On most days of the week, try to exercise for at least 30 minutes. Take a walk, swim, or engage in another activity that you enjoy. If you are overweight, you must lose weight. Develop a weight-loss plan with the help of your healthcare team.
  • Taking medication and insulin as recommended and adhering to the instructions on how and when to take it. At home, keep track of your blood glucose and blood pressure.
  • Maintaining regular contact with your healthcare professionals and completing laboratory testing as directed by your doctor.
  • Smoking cessation (if you smoke).

You have a lot of control over how you manage your diabetes on a daily basis!”

Diabetes FAQs:

What is the best way to monitor my blood glucose level? What is the significance of this?

Checking your blood glucose level is crucial because the results can help you make decisions about what to eat, how much exercise you should do, and whether or not you need to adjust or add insulin.

A blood glucose meter is the most popular approach to checking your blood glucose level. This test requires you to prick the side of your finger, put a drop of blood onto a test strip, insert the strip into the meter, and the meter will display your current glucose level. Your healthcare professional will advise you on how frequently you should test your glucose level.

What is continuous glucose monitoring, and how does it work?

Technology has provided us with a new approach to checking glucose levels. A little sensor is implanted under your skin for continuous glucose monitoring. It’s not necessary to prick your finger. Instead, the sensor monitors your blood sugar levels and displays the results at any time of day or night. To check if continuous glucose monitors are a good fit for you, talk to your doctor about it.

What is the ideal blood glucose level for me?

Inquire with your doctor about the ideal blood glucose level for you. They might have a target range in mind for you. Most people, on the other hand, attempt to keep their blood glucose levels within these ranges:

  • Between 80 and 130 mg/dL before a meal.
  • Less than 180 mg/dL two hours after the start of a meal.

What happens if I have a low blood glucose level?

Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood glucose level that is lower than the normal range (typically less than 70 mg/dL). This is a signal from your body that you require sugar.

What is the ideal blood glucose level for me?

Hypoglycemia can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Weakness or tremors.
  • Sweating and moist skin.
  • The heart is racing.
  • Dizziness.
  • Hunger strikes unexpectedly.
  • Confusion.
  • Skin that is light in color.
  • Numbness in the tongue or mouth.
  • Nervousness and irritability.
  • Unsteadiness.
  • Nightmares, terrible dreams, and restless sleep are all common occurrences.
  • Vision is hazy.
  • Seizures and headaches.

If your hypoglycemia is not treated, you may pass out.

What happens if I have a high blood glucose level?

Hyperglycemia is a condition in which your blood contains too much glucose. Hyperglycemia is defined as the following:

When fasting, a blood glucose level of more than 125 mg/dL is present (nothing to eat or drink for at least eight hours).

One to two hours after eating, a blood glucose level of more than 180 mg/dL.

What kinds of diabetes necessitate the use of insulin?

Type 1 diabetics require insulin to survive. Your body has attacked your pancreas, destroying the cells that produce insulin, if you have Type 1 diabetes. Your pancreas produces insulin, but it doesn’t work properly if you have Type 2 diabetes.

Insulin may be required in certain persons with Type 2 diabetes to assist glucose travel from the bloodstream to the cells where it is needed for energy. If you have gestational diabetes, you may or may not require insulin.

If you’re pregnant or have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor will check your blood sugar, analyse other risk factors, and come up with a treatment plan that may include a combination of lifestyle changes, oral drugs, and insulin. Your treatment strategy is as individual as you are.


What is ketoacidosis caused by diabetes (also known as diabetic ketoacidosis)?

Ketoacidosis caused by diabetes is a life-threatening illness. It occurs when your liver breaks down fat for energy. This is because there isn’t enough insulin and glucose as a source of energy. The liver converts fat into ketones, a type of fuel. If it has been a long time since you last ate and your body requires fuel, the formation and usage of ketones is a normal process.

When your body breaks down fat too quickly for your body to handle, ketone levels rise in your blood. This causes ketoacidosis, which is an acidic state of the blood. Uncontrolled Type 1 diabetes and, less typically, Type 2 diabetes can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

Ketones in the urine or blood, as well as a basic metabolic panel, are used to detect diabetes-related ketoacidosis. The disease takes several hours to develop and can result in a coma or perhaps death.


You may be underestimating the difficulty of managing your diabetes. Diabetes could have an effect not only on a person’s physical health but also on their psychological and emotional well-being.

Regardless of how long you’ve had diabetes or how recently you were diagnosed, it’s important to get emotional support. Stress, depression, or exhaustion could be to blame.

Do not feel ashamed or alone in your thoughts or feelings. We’ve already explained how diabetes is diagnosed & how to manage it. Now it is entirely up to you to act in accordance with those recommendations.

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