Pre Diabetes Condition
Some persons who have pre-diabetes don’t show any signs or symptoms. Others are experiencing some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes. Frequent urination, thirst, blurred vision, weariness, and other symptoms can occur. You can have pre-diabetes for years without even realising it.
[High blood sugar can injure your eyes, nerves, kidneys, and heart while remaining silent.] You’re more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke if you have pre-diabetes.
Pre-Diabetes Treatment And Prevention:
Controlling your blood sugar is key to treating pre-diabetes and preventing diabetes. This can be accomplished by following a healthy diet and complementing it with exercise. Consume a fiber-rich diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables as well as lean protein. Fiber is important for pre-diabetes management because it provides satiety and aids in blood sugar control.
Low-fat, low-sugar, and low-refined-carbohydrate foods are ideal. Exercising for at least 30 minutes five days a week and losing only 5-10% of your body weight.
People with pre-diabetes who lose at least 7% of their body weight and engage in moderate physical exercise for at least 150 minutes per week can avoid or delay diabetes, and even return their blood glucose levels to normal, according to research.
Intensive lifestyle treatments are the most effective strategy to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes, according to clinical evidence. So, if you follow a diet and fitness regimen that supports this objective, you can avoid pre-diabetes from progressing to diabetes.
Highlights of Prediabetes:
- Prediabetes is a condition that indicates you are at risk of getting diabetes.
- The level of sugar in your blood is used to diagnose prediabetes.
- Prediabetes can be reversed by making lifestyle changes such as decreasing weight, exercising regularly, stopping smoking, and sleeping better.
- Our health counseling service may be available to one medical member.
When glucose levels are extremely high or extremely low, diabetes symptoms appear. Many people with diabetes, as well as those with prediabetes, are asymptomatic.
The following are the most common signs and symptoms:
- Tiredness, fatigue, or a lack of energy
- Constant thirst or hunger in excess
- Urination problems on a regular basis (Skin wounds that do not heal or heal very slowly)
- Vision is hazy
Pre-diabetes is defined as having blood sugar (or glucose) levels that are greater than usual but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes is a word that refers to those who are at a higher risk of acquiring diabetes.
Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are symptoms of pre-diabetes.] Some patients have both IFG and IGT.) Let’s take a closer look at pre-diabetes and how it’s detected and diagnosed.
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are metabolic conditions that fall in between diabetes and normoglycemia. Fasting blood glucose levels are higher in people with IFG, but they normally return to normal after eating.
They are diabetes risk factors in the future. [In most cases, the pathophysiology of IFG and IGT is essentially attributable to increased insulin resistance, whereas endogenous insulin secretion is normal.] Approximately 30 to 40% of people with IGT or IFG will acquire type 2 diabetes within ten years after initiation.
How Is It Put to the Test:
Pathologists perform an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). This entails:
3 days prior to the test, consume sufficient carbs (150g).
(A blood sample is obtained from a vein, generally in the arm, after you haven’t eaten after 8 hours.] You are then given a sugary drink containing 75g of glucose. 2 hours after drinking the glucose drink, blood glucose is measured again by drawing blood from the arm.
An Oral Glucose Tolerance Test is performed in the same way as an Impaired Fasting Glucose Test and follows the same protocols.]
It is normally recommended to eat a high-starch diet for three days prior to the test.
A blood sample is collected from a vein, generally in the arm, after an 8-hour fast.
Then you’re given a sugary drink with a lot of glucose in it.
At 1 hour and 2 hours after drinking the glucose drink, blood glucose is measured again by drawing blood from the arm.
How It’s Recognized:
When the findings of the Oral Glucose Tolerance test are as follows, Impaired Fasting Glucose is diagnosed:
A fasting blood glucose level of 6.1 mmol/L or higher but less than 7 mmol/L is considered normal.
Blood glucose levels are less than 7.8mol/L two hours after consuming the glucose drink.
When the Oral Test results are as follows, Impaired Glucose Tolerance is diagnosed:
Blood glucose levels are higher than 7.8 mmol/L but lower than 11 mmol/L two hours after drinking the glucose drink.
It’s crucial to talk to your doctor about your risk factors. If you suspect you have pre-diabetes, consult your doctor to be tested.